Standards indicate what students should know and be able to do within a particular content area,
while curriculum shapes how students will gain the knowledge, skills, and abilities as described
in the standards. Assessments can be used to gather evidence related to student learning.
Assessments may include summative, benchmark, or interim tests, or may involve more informal
methods of data collection through a formative assessment process.
A curriculum that is aligned to standards is a curriculum that ensures that students have the
opportunity to access the content and skills outlined in those standards.Through the
administration of assessments that are carefully aligned to standards and curriculum, educators
are able to gain an understanding of how student learning is progressing. Like curriculum,
assessments must be aligned to content and to grade-specific standards, in order to assess
whether or not a student has gained the knowledge, skills, and abilities described in the
The Common Core State Standards Initiative is an educational initiative from 2010 that details
what K–12 students throughout the United States should know in English language arts and
mathematics at the conclusion of each school grade.
Forty-one states, the District of Columbia, four territories, and the Department of Defense
Education Activity (DoDEA) have adopted the Common Core State Standards.
The New Jersey Student Learning Standards (NJSLS) are reviewed and revised every five years.
The 2020 NJSLS were adopted by the State Board of Education on June 3, 2020.
Science, engineering, and technology influence and permeate every aspect of modern life. Some
knowledge of science and engineering is required to engage with the major public policy issues
of today as well as to make informed everyday decisions, such as selecting among alternative
medical treatments or determining how to invest public funds for water supply options. In
addition, understanding science and the extraordinary insights it has produced can be meaningful
and relevant on a personal level, opening new worlds to explore and offering lifelong
opportunities for enriching people's lives. In these contexts, learning science is important for
everyone, even those who eventually choose careers in fields other than science or engineering.
2020 Microsoft FG Award
Rutgers Business School Student Experiential Learning Program